Osram safeguards LED road luminaires with high overvoltage protection


Overvoltage protection against lightning strikes

Ever more towns, cities and local councils are upgrading their road lighting to LED, thereby significantly cutting power overheads. Milan and Turin for example are expecting at least 50 percent less electricity consumption thanks to recent transformations to LED and Optotronic control devices from Osram. However, lightning strikes can endanger the complete exploitation of such economic advantages. As LED modules are run with lower voltage levels they may be damaged from overvoltage, and this danger has increased in past years – the UN Climate Council has identified increasing levels of lightning worldwide in its fifth assessment report (IPCC14). Around 10 percent of the several million lightning strikes occurring each day impact on the ground, thereby causing voltage peaks. To effectively protect LED modules assembled in road luminaires, the Osram Optotronic 4DIM features overvoltage protection of 8 kilovolts as standard.

European Lightning Map Lightning density in Europe differs significantly from region to region. Italy and the coastal areas of the Balkan countries are especially affected, and in Germany the South West.1
Mandatory image source specification:© British Crown copyright 2015, the Met Office

Levels of lightning density in Europe are high in summer, particularly in July and August, and with large regional differences – the U.K. Meteorological Office recorded between just 0.25 and over 20 strikes per square kilometre in the year 2014. In general it can also be said about distribution across Europe that lightning in the South East occurs more frequently than in the North or North West, and in towns and cities more than in rural areas. Lightning in Germany mainly occurs in the South West. In general, the probability of heavy lightning storms across Germany has significantly increased in past decades, as identified in 2013 by climatologists from the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology.

As a consequence, the new generation of “Optotronic 4DIM” electronic control units from Osram features protection of up to 8 kilovolts between mains supply and ground in protection classes I and II. This means that lightning can impact to proximities of up to 200 metres from a luminaire mast without the LED module being damaged.

Compared to the common 4 kilovolt overvoltage protection with control units of other manufacturers this means that with e.g. mast spacing of 30 metres, twice the quantity of road luminaires survive lightning impacts without damage. In many regions in Europe the high level of overvoltage protection with Optotronic 4DIM units is therefore usually sufficient to protect municipal investments in the long run from such occurrences. In regions with high lightning density levels though, it is recommended as a precaution to implement supplementary protective measures, for example in the main distribution frames and junction boxes of road lighting systems.

Osram as the first manufacturer made this 8 kilovolt protection possible with a so-called EQUI connection (equipotential) for protection class II applications, enabling various components of the lighting system to exhibit the same electric potential, thus significantly reducing the occurrence of overvoltage on the LED module.

Optotronic control units also reliably protect from voltage peaks from two other hazardous sources – from those with up to 6 kilovolts due to load changes or switching commands in the power supply grid often generated several dozens of times per year, and from electrostatic discharge occurring with e.g. maintenance work if no ESD protective measures exist.

Overvoltage though does not automatically mean the immediate failure of an LED module, but causes at least premature ageing and therefore shorter operating durations, this having consequences for the operator in terms of costs. In normal cases LED solutions have low failure rates and achieve up to 100,000 operating hours.

More information concerning overvoltage protection for LED street lighting you will find here.

1If you want to use the graphic about the lightning density in high resolution for editorial purposes please contact press@osram.com.


OSRAM of Munich, Germany is one of the two leading light manufacturers in the world. The company's portfolio covers the entire value chain from components – including lamps, electronic control gear and opto semiconductors such as light-emitting diodes (LED) – as well as luminaires, light management systems and lighting solutions. OSRAM has around 34,000 employees worldwide and generated revenue of more than €5.1 billion in fiscal 2014 (ended September 30). The company's business activities have been focusing on light – and hence on quality of life – for over 100 years. The company was listed on the stock exchanges in Frankfurt and Munich on July 8, 2013 (ISIN: DE000LED4000; WKN: LED 400; Trading symbol: OSR).
Additional information can be found at www.osram-group.com


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